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[ Anatomy | The Body As A Weapon | Directions | General Terminology | Numbers / Numerical Order | Techniques | Basic Techniques | Tournament Terminology ]

Anatomy

Head & Neck

Ago Chin
Hana Nose
Atama Head
Kao Face
Gammen Face
Kubi Neck
Kuchi Mouth
Me Eye(s)
Mimi Ear(s)
Nodo Throat

Torso

Hara Stomach, abdomen
Hiz Spleen
Kata Shoulder
Kintama Testicles, groin
Koshi Hips
Miz-ochi Solar plexus
Mune Chest
Rokkostu Rib(s)
Sakostu Clavicle
Senaka Back
Shinz Heart
Skei Groin

Arms

Hiji Elbow
Kansetsu Joint (any)
Kobushi Fist
Kote Forearm (topside)
Te Hand
Tekubi Wrist
Ude Arm
Yubi Finger(s)

Legs

Ashi Foot, leg
Ashikubi Ankle
Ashiyubi Toe(s)
Futo-mom Thigh(s)
Hiza Knees
Kahanshin Lower body
Kansetsu Joint (any)
Sune Shin(s)
Tsumasaki Tips of the toes

 

The Body As A Weapon

Hands & Arms

Empi Elbow
Haish Backhand
Hait Inner knife hand
Hiji Elbow
Hiraken Flat fist
Hitosashiyubi Forefinger
Ippon-ken Knuckle fist
Ippon nukite Single finger spearhand
Keik Chicken beak hand
Kobushi Fist
Koken Wrist top
Kote Forearm
Nakayubi Middle finger
Nihon-ken Two nuckle fist
Nihon-nukite Two finger spearhand
Nukite Spearhand
Seiken Forefist
Shotei Palm heel
Shut Knifehand
Tettsui Bottom fist
Th Sword peak hand
Uraken Backfist

Legs & Feet

Chsoku Ball of foot
Haisoku Instep
Hiza Knee
Kakat Heel
Sokut Foot edge
Sune Shin
Teisoku Arch of foot

 

Directions

General

Age Rising
Chdan Middle level (torso)
Enkei Circular
Gedan Lower level
Gyaku Reverse
Jdan Upper level
Jji Crossed
Jun Staight off shoulder
Mawashi Circular;turning
Morote Both hands
Naname Diagonal(ly)
i Lunging
Oroshi Descending
Say Left & right
Shmen Front
Soto Outside
Tobi Jump
Uchi Inside
Yoko Side
-Happ- (eight directions from where all movement generates)
Mea Front
Ushiro Back
Migi Right
Hidari Left
Migi-mea Right foward
Migi-ushiro Right back
Hidari-mea Left foward
Hidari-ushiro Left back
Naname Diagonal(ly)

Levels

Chdan Middle level; torso area
Gedan Lower level; groin and below
Jdan Upper level; neck and above
Jhanshin Upper body, above waist
Kahanshin Lower body, from groin down

 

General Terminology

Class Terminology

Ashi o fuite Shake your feet
Chikara irete With tension, with power
Fuite Shake (hands or feet)
Fumikonde Move (step) across floor
Hajime Start;go
Hantai Opposite side
Ibuki Forced tension (yang) breathing
Idkihon Moving basics
Id-geiko Moving basics
Kaiten Turning around; revolving
Kamaete On guard; take position
Kiai Primal yell; gut scream
Kihon Basics
Kime Focus
Kumite Sparring
Ippon kumite One step sparring
Jiy kumite Free sparring
Jis-sen kumite Full contact; no holds barred
Mawatte Turn around
Mokus Eyes closed for meditation
Naore Return to start
Osu I understand; term of respect and acknolegment to others
Rei Bow
Seiza Kneeling position
To o fuite Shake your hands
Ura In reverse; backwards-where techniques are done stepping arround behind instead of straight foward, and then continuing from here
Yakusoku Pre-arranged
Yame Stop, finish
Yasume Rest; at ease
Yi Ready
Yuk-kuri Slowly

 

Numbers / Numerical Order

Ichi 1
Ni 2
San 3
Chi / yon 4
Go 5
Roku 6
Shichi / nana 7
Hachi 8
Ku / ky 9
J 10
Nij 20
Sanj 30
Yonj 40
Goj 50
Hyaku 100
-do Degrees
Hyaku-hachij-do 180 degrees
Kyj-do 90 dregrees
Yonjgo-do 45 degrees
-kai Times
Ik-kai Once
Nikai Twice
Sankai Three times
Yonkai Four times
Gokai Five times
Rok-kai Six times
Nanakai Seven times
Hak-kai Eight times
Ky-kai Nine times
Juk-kai Ten times
Gojuk-kai 50 times
Hyak-kai 100 times

 

Techniques

Wasa

Ashi barai Foot sweep
Barai Reap; parry
Chokuzuki Staight (direct) punch
Enkei Circular
Geri Kick
Gyaku Reverse; opposite
Jji Crossed
Kake Hooking
Kekomi Thrusting kick
Keri-waza Kicking techniques
Kizami Jab
Morote Two handed
Nage Throw
i Lunge
Taoshiwaza Takedowns
Tobi Jump
Tobi geri Jumping kick
Tsuki Punch
Uke Block
Uke waza Bloking techniques
Waza Technique

 

Basic Techniques

Kihon

Seiken Forefist
Chdan tsuki Middle punch
Jdan tsuki Upper punch
Ago uchi Chin strike
Mawashi uchi Roudhouse punch
Uraken Backfist
Uraken shmen uchi Backfist strike to front
Uraken say uchi Backfist strike to side
Uraken hiz uchi Backfist strike to spleen(ribs)
Shita uchi Rip to pit of stomach
Hiji Elbow
Jdan hiji ate(uchi) Elbow to head
Chdan hiji ate(uchi) Elbow to midsection
Hiji age uchi Rising elbow strike
Uke Blocks
Jdan uke Upper block
Chdan uchi uke Middle inside block
Chdan soto uke Middle outside block
Gedan barai Downward parry
Chdan uchi uke/gedan berai Simultaneous inside block and downward parry
Shut Knifehand
Shut gammen uchi Knifehand strike to head
Shut sakotsu uchi Knifehand strike to clavicle
Shut sakotsu uchikomi Driving knifehand to clavicle
Shut hizo uchi Knifehand strike to spleen
Shut uchi(kubi)uchi Inside knifehand to neck
Keri(geri) Kick
Uchi mawashi geri Inside crescent kick
Soto mawashi geri Outside crescent kick
Mea keage Rising front kick
Hiza geri Knee kick
Kin geri Groin kick
Mea geri Front kick
Mawashi geri Roudhouse kick
Yoko keage Rising side kick
Yoko geri Side kick
Kansetsu geri Joint kick
Ushiro geri Back kick

 

Tournament Terminology

Aka Red
Aka no kachi Red victory
Awasete ippon Point totalling ippon
Chi Warning for illegal technique
Ench-sen Extension bout
Fukushin Corner judge
Genten Minus point for fouls
Hajime Start
Hansoku chi Official warning
Hansoku make Loss by disqualification
Hantei Decision (of judge)
Hantei onegaishimasu "judge decision please"
Hata Flag
Ippon Full point
J-gai Outside fighting area
J-nai Inside fighting area
Jun-ysho Runner-up
Kachi Victory
Ni-in Second place; runner-up
Sekai taikai World championships
Shiai Tournement; match
Shiai-j Fighting area
Shik-kaku Disqualification
Shinpan(-in) Judge, referee
Shiro White
Shiro no kachi White victory
Shushin Centre referee
Tameshiwari Board breaking
Waza-ari Half point
Yame Stop
Ysei kachi Win by superiority
Ysho First place
Zenkoku taikai National championchips
Zok Continue fighting